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Knowledge Based Structure Prediction of the Light-Harvesting Complex II of Rhodospirillum molischianum

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Koepke,  Jürgen
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Michel,  Hartmut
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Hu, X., Xu, D., Hamer, K., Schulten, K., Koepke, J., & Michel, H. (1996). Knowledge Based Structure Prediction of the Light-Harvesting Complex II of Rhodospirillum molischianum. In P. M. Pardalos, & D. Shalloway (Eds.), DIMACS Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (pp. 97-122). American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I.,.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-44D4-D
Abstract
We illustrate in this article how one proceeds to predict the structure of integral membrane proteins using a combined approach in which molecular dynamics simulations and energy minimization are performed based on structural information from conventional structure prediction methods and experimental constraints derived from biochemical and spectroscopical data. We focus here on the prediction of the structure of the light-harvesting complex II (LH–II) of Rhodospirillum molischianum, an integral membrane protein of 16 polypeptides aggregating and binding to 24 bacteriochlorophyll a’s and 12 lycopenes. Hydropathy analysis was performed to identify the putative transmembrane segments. Multiple sequence alignment propensity analyses further pinpointed the exact sites of the 20 residue long transmembrane segment and the four residue long terminal sequence at both ends, which were independently verified and improved by homology modeling. A consensus assignment for secondary structure was derived from a combination of all the prediction methods used. The three-dimensional structures for the αand the β-apoprotein were built by comparative modeling. The resulting tertiary structures were combined into an αβ dimer pair with bacteriochlorophyll a’s attached under constraints provided by site directed mutagenesis and FT Resonance Raman spectra, as well as by conservation of residues. The αβ dimer pairs were then aggregated into a quaternary structure through molecular dynamics simulations and energy minimization. The structure of LH–II, so determined, was an octamer of αβ heterodimers forming a ring with a diameter of 70 Å. We discuss how the resulting structure may be used to solve the phase problem in X-ray crystallography in a procedure called molecular replacement.