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Transients of perforin pore formation observed by fluorescence microscopic single channel recording

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Peters,  Reiner
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;
Institute for Medical Physics, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, D-4400 Münster, Germany;

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Sauer,  Heinrich
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Fritzsch,  Günter
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Peters, R., Sauer, H., Tschopp, J., & Fritzsch, G. (1990). Transients of perforin pore formation observed by fluorescence microscopic single channel recording. EMBO Journal, 9(8), 2447-2451. doi:10.1002/j.1460-2075.1990.tb07421.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8196-D
Abstract
A new type of single channel recording is described. Large pores were generated in the membranes of resealed human erythrocyte ghosts by incubation with perforin (cytolysin). The flux of the polar fluorescent probe Lucifer Yellow was measured in single ghosts by the fluorescence microphotolysis (photobleaching) technique. The distribution of flux rates for ghosts treated with a limiting perforin concentration showed equidistantly spaced peaks suggesting that subpopulations of ghosts with 0, 1 and 2 pores were resolved. Furthermore, distributions obtained for very different perforin concentrations could be well simulated by using one common value for the flux rate of the single pore (k = 4.65 x 10-3s) and assuming a Poisson distribution of pores among ghosts. The flux rate of the single pore corresponds to a pore radius of approximately 50 A, a value which is much smaller than that obtained previously by electron microscopic studies but which agrees well with recent electrical single channel recordings. Mature perforin pores were observed to be very stable. No closing events were detected at a time resolution of 0.2 s for a wide range of temperatures and Ca2+ concentrations. However, the formation of new pores was an unexpectedly slow process. Fluorescence microscopic single channel recording as introduced by this study is applicable to a variety of cellular systems and fluorescent probes and thus may complement the information obtainable by electrical single channel recording of anorganic ion fluxes