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Classical black hole scattering from a worldline quantum field theory

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Mogull,  Gustav
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Steinhoff,  Jan
Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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2010.02865.pdf
(Preprint), 803KB

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Citation

Mogull, G., Plefka, J., & Steinhoff, J. (in preparation). Classical black hole scattering from a worldline quantum field theory.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-4E75-F
Abstract
A precise link is derived between scalar-graviton S-matrix elements and expectation values of operators in a worldline quantum field theory (WQFT), both used to describe classical scattering of a pair of black holes. The link is formally provided by a worldline path integral representation of the graviton-dressed scalar propagator, which may be inserted into a traditional definition of the S-matrix in terms of time-ordered correlators. To calculate expectation values in the WQFT a new set of Feynman rules is introduced which treats the gravitational field $h_{\mu\nu}(x)$ and position $x_i^\mu(\tau_i)$ of each black hole on equal footing. Using these both the next-order classical gravitational radiation $\langle h^{\mu\nu}(k)\rangle$ (previously unknown) and deflection $\Delta p_i^\mu$ from a binary black hole scattering event are obtained. The latter can also be obtained from the eikonal phase of a $2\to2$ scalar S-matrix, which we show to correspond to the free energy of the WQFT.