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Evidence for and Analysis of Multiple Hidden Coronal Strands in Cross-sectional Emission Profiles: Further Results from NASA's High-resolution Solar Coronal Imager

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Peter,  Hardi
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Williams, T., Walsh, R., Peter, H., & Winebarger, A. (2020). Evidence for and Analysis of Multiple Hidden Coronal Strands in Cross-sectional Emission Profiles: Further Results from NASA's High-resolution Solar Coronal Imager. The Astrophysical Journal, 902(2): 90. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/abb60a.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-70A0-5
Abstract
Previous work utilizing NASA's High-resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C 2.1) 172 Å observations revealed that, even at the increased spatial scales available in the dataset, there may be evidence for coronal structures that are still not fully resolved. In this follow-up study, cross-section slices of coronal strands are taken across the Hi-C 2.1 field of view. Following previous loop-width studies, the background emission is removed to isolate the coronal strands. The resulting intensity variations are reproduced by simultaneously fitting multiple Gaussian profiles using a nonlinear least-squares curve-fitting method. In total, 183 Gaussian profiles are examined for possible structures that are hinted at in the data. The full width at half maximum is determined for each Gaussian, which are then collated and analyzed. The most frequent structural widths are ≈450–575 km with 47% of the strand widths beneath NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) resolving scale (600–1000 km). Only 17% reside beneath an AIA pixel width (435 km) with just 6% of the strands at the Hi-C 2.1 resolving scale (≈220–340 km). These results suggest that non-Gaussian shaped cross-sectional emission profiles observed by Hi-C 2.1 are the result of multiple strands along the integrated line of sight that can be resolved, rather than being the result of even finer sub-resolution elements.