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An Ultralow-Noise Superconducting Radio-Frequency Ion Trap for Frequency Metrology with Highly Charged Ions


Stark,  Julian
Division Prof. Dr. Thomas Pfeifer, MPI for Nuclear Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Stark, J. (2020). An Ultralow-Noise Superconducting Radio-Frequency Ion Trap for Frequency Metrology with Highly Charged Ions. PhD Thesis, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Heidelberg.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-67D1-9
Highly charged ions (HCIs) are excellent candidates for next-generation frequency standards, as they feature a much reduced susceptibility to external perturbations, and are proposed to stringently test physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. These applications require spectroscopy of HCIs with an accuracy on the level of state-of-theart trapped-ion frequency standards. In order to overcome the current limitations due to motional frequency shifts, an efficient suppression of trap-induced heating rates is essential. To that end, a new cryogenic Paul trap experiment, CryPTEx-II, was developed and commissioned within this work. It consists of a novel superconducting ion trap uniquely combining a radio-frequency (rf) cavity and a Paul trap, and a low-vibration cryogenic supply to cool the trap to temperatures of 4.15K while decoupling external vibrations. The cavity features an electric quadrupole mode at 34.52MHz with a quality factor of ~ 2.3 × 105, which allows for stable confinement of ions in ultralow-noise rf potentials and is expected to result in strongly suppressed motional heating rates. Commissioning experiments comprised the operation of the cavity as a quadrupole mass filter to focus HCIs through the cavity as well as the first trapping and laser cooling of 9Be+ ions. These constitute the successful proof-of-principle operation of this unique apparatus, which will be used for high-precision experiments with HCIs in the future.