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Single-file diffusion in a bi-stable potential: Signatures of memory in the barrier-crossing of a tagged-particle

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Lapolla,  A.
Research Group of Mathematical Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Godec,  A.
Research Group of Mathematical Biophysics, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Lapolla, A., & Godec, A. (2020). Single-file diffusion in a bi-stable potential: Signatures of memory in the barrier-crossing of a tagged-particle. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 153(19): 194104. doi:10.1063/5.0025785.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-68BD-0
Abstract
We investigate memory effects in barrier-crossing in the overdamped setting. We focus on the scenario where the hidden degrees of freedom relax on exactly the same time scale as the observable. As a prototypical model, we analyze tagged-particle diffusion in a single file confined to a bi-stable potential. We identify the signatures of memory and explain their origin. The emerging memory is a result of the projection of collective many-body eigenmodes onto the motion of a tagged-particle. We are interested in the “confining” (all background particles in front of the tagged-particle) and “pushing” (all background particles behind the tagged-particle) scenarios for which we find non-trivial and qualitatively different relaxation behaviors. Notably and somewhat unexpectedly, at a fixed particle number, we find that the higher the barrier, the stronger the memory effects are. The fact that the external potential alters the memory is important more generally and should be taken into account in applications of generalized Langevin equations. Our results can readily be tested experimentally and may be relevant for understanding transport in biological ion-channels.