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Ion Channels in Mammalian Proximal Renal Tubules

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Gögelein,  Heinz
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Gögelein, H. (1990). Ion Channels in Mammalian Proximal Renal Tubules. Renal Physiology and Biochemistry, 13(1-2), 8-25. doi:10.1159/000173344.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-6EFE-1
Abstract
In the plasma membranes of mammalian proximal renal tubules single ion channels were investigated mainly in isolated tubules perfused on one side, in isolated nonperfused (collapsed) tubules and in primary cell cultures. With these techniques, the following results were obtained: in the luminal membrane of isolated one-sided perfused tubules of rabbit and mouse S3 segments, K+-selective channels with single-channel conductance (g) of 33 pS and 63 pS, respectively, were recorded. In primary cultures of rabbit SI segments, a small-conductance (42 pS) as well as a large-conductance (200 pS) K+ channel were observed. The latter was Ca2+- and voltage-sensitive. In cultured cells a Ca2+-activated, nonselective cation channel with g = 25 pS was also recorded. On the other hand, an amiloride-sensitive channel with g = 12 pS, which was highly selective for Na+ over K+, was observed in the isolated perfused S3 segment. In the basolateral membrane of isolated perfused S3 segments, two types of K+ channels with g = 46 pS and 36 pS, respectively, were observed. The latter channel was not dependent on cytosolic Ca2+ in cell-excised patches. A K+ channel with g = 54 pS was recorded in osolated nonperfused SI segments. This channel showed inward rectification and was more active at depolarizing potentials. In isolated perfused S3 segments, in addition to the K+ channels also a nonselective cation channel with g = 28 pS was observed. This channel was highly dependent on cytosolic Ca2+ in cell-free patches. It can be concluded that the K+ channels both in the luminal and contraluminal cell membrane are involved in the generation of the cell potential. Na+ channels in the luminal membrane may participate in Na+ reabsorption, whereas the function of a basolateral cation channel remains unclear. Recently, single anion-selective channels were recorded in membranes of endocytotic vesicles, isolated from rat proximal tubules. Vesicles were enlarged by the dehydration/rehydration method and investigated with the patch clamp technique. The Cl- channel had a conductance of 73 pS, the current-voltage curve was linear and the channel inactivated at high negative clamp potentials. It is suggested that this channel is responsible for charge neutrality during active H+ uptake into the endosomes.