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Possibility of Primordial Black holes as the source of gravitational wave events in the advanced LIGO detector

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Abedi,  J.
Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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2011.02772.pdf
(Preprint), 434KB

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Citation

Khalouei, E., Ghodsi, H., Rahvar, S., & Abedi, J. (in preparation). Possibility of Primordial Black holes as the source of gravitational wave events in the advanced LIGO detector.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7333-E
Abstract
The analysis of Gravitational Waves (GW) data from the Advanced LIGO provides the mass of each companion of binary black holes as the source of GWs. The observations reveal that the mass of events corresponding to the binary black holes are much larger than the mass of astrophysical black holes. In this work, we suggest the Primordial Black Holes (PBHs) as the source of LIGO events. Assuming that $100\%$ of the dark matter is made of PBHs, we estimate the rate at which these objects make binaries, merge and produce GWs as a function of redshift. The gravitational lensing of GWs by PBHs can also enhance the amplitude of the strain. We simulate GWs sourced by the binary PBHs, with the detection threshold of $S/N>10$ for both Livingston and Handford detectors. For the log-normal mass function of PBHs, we generate the expected distribution of events and compare our results with the observed events and find the best value of the mass function parameters (i.e $M_c =25 M_\odot$ and $\sigma=0.6$) in the lognormal mass function. Comparing the expected number of events with the number of observed ones reveals that even assuming all the dark matter is made of PBHs are not enough to produce the observed GW events and the astrophysical black holes should have the main contribution in the observed GW events.