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Exact axisymmetric interaction of phoretically active Janus particles

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Nasouri,  Babak
Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Golestanian,  Ramin
Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Nasouri, B., & Golestanian, R. (2020). Exact axisymmetric interaction of phoretically active Janus particles. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 905: A13. doi:10.1017/jfm.2020.753.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7518-B
Abstract
We study the axisymmetric interaction of two chemically active Janus particles. By relying on the linearity of the field equations and symmetry arguments, we derive a generic solution for the relative velocity of the particles. We show that, regardless of the chemical properties of the system, the relative velocity can be written as a linear summation of geometrical functions which only depend on the gap size between the particles. We evaluate these functions via an exact approach which accounts for the full chemical and hydrodynamic interactions. Using the obtained solution, we expose the role of each compartment in the relative motion, and also discuss the contribution of different interactions. We then show that the dynamical system describing the relative motion of two Janus particles can have up to three fixed points. These fixed points can be stable or unstable, indicating that a system of two Janus particles can exhibit a variety of non-trivial behaviours depending on their initial gap size, and their chemical properties. We also look at the specific case of Janus particles in which one compartment is inert, and present regime diagrams for their relative behaviour in the activity–mobility parameter space.