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Magnetic Circular Dichroism Evidence for an Unusual Electronic Structure of a Tetracarbene–Oxoiron(IV) Complex

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Ye,  Shengfa
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

Krahe,  Oliver
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Mondal,  Bhaskar
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Atanasov,  Mihail
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;
Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;

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Bill,  Eckhard
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Ye, S., Kupper, C., Meyer, S., Andris, E., Navrátil, R., Krahe, O., et al. (2016). Magnetic Circular Dichroism Evidence for an Unusual Electronic Structure of a Tetracarbene–Oxoiron(IV) Complex. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(43), 14312-14325. doi:10.1021/jacs.6b07708.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-82D4-6
Abstract
In biology, high valent oxo–iron(IV) species have been shown to be pivotal intermediates for functionalization of C–H bonds in the catalytic cycles of a range of O2-activating iron enzymes. This work details an electronic-structure investigation of [FeIV(O)(LNHC)(NCMe)]2+ (LNHC = 3,9,14,20-tetraaza-1,6,12,17-tetraazoniapenta-cyclohexacosane-1(23),4,6(26),10,12(25),15,17(24),21-octaene, complex 1) using helium tagging infrared photodissociation (IRPD), absorption, and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectroscopy, coupled with DFT and highly correlated wave function based multireference calculations. The IRPD spectrum of complex 1 reveals the Fe–O stretching vibration at 832 ± 3 cm–1. By analyzing the Franck–Condon progression, we can determine the same vibration occurring at 616 ± 10 cm–1 in the E(dxy → dxz,yz) excited state. Both values are similar to those measured for [FeIV(O)(TMC)(NCMe)]2+ (TMC = 1,4,8,11-tetramethyl-1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane). The low-temperature MCD spectra of complex 1 exhibit three pseudo A-term signals around 12 500, 17 000, and 24 300 cm–1. We can unequivocally assign them to the ligand field transitions of dxy → dxz,yz, dxz,yz → dz2, and dxz,yz → dx2-y2, respectively, through direct calculations of MCD spectra and independent determination of the MCD C-term signs from the corresponding electron donating and accepting orbitals. In comparison with the corresponding transitions observed for [FeIV(O) (SR-TPA)(NCMe)]2+ (SR-TPA = tris(3,5-dimethyl-4-methoxypyridyl-2-methy)amine), the excitations within the (FeO)2+ core of complex 1 have similar transition energies, whereas the excitation energy for dxz,yz → dx2-y2 is significantly higher (∼12 000 cm–1 for [FeIV(O)(SR-TPA)(NCMe)]2+). Our results thus substantiate that the tetracarbene ligand (LNHC) of complex 1 does not significantly affect the bonding in the (FeO)2+ unit but strongly destabilizes the dx2-y2 orbital to eventually lift it above dz2. As a consequence, this unusual electron configuration leads to an unprecedentedly larger quintet–triplet energy separation for complex 1, which largely rules out the possibility that the H atom transfer reaction may take place on the quintet surface and hence quenches two-state reactivity. The resulting mechanistic implications are discussed.