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Bragg Reflection and Conversion Between Helical Bloch Modes in Chiral Three-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber

MPS-Authors

Loranger,  Sébastien
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Chen,  Yang
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

Roth,  Paul
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität;

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Frosz,  Michael
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Fibre Fabrication and Glass Studio, Technology Development and Service Units, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Wong,  Gordon
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;

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Russell,  Philip
Russell Division, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, Max Planck Society;
Department of Physics, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität;

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Citation

Loranger, S., Chen, Y., Roth, P., Frosz, M., Wong, G., & Russell, P. (2020). Bragg Reflection and Conversion Between Helical Bloch Modes in Chiral Three-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 38(15), 4100-4107. doi:10.1109/JLT.2020.2984464.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-7ABC-D
Abstract
Optical fiber modes carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) have many applications, for example in mode-division-multiplexing for optical communications. The natural guided modes of N-fold rotationally symmetric optical fibers, such as most photonic crystal fibers, are helical Bloch modes (HBMs). HBMs consist of a superposition of azimuthal harmonics (order m) of order l_A(m)=l_A(0)+mN. When such fibers are twisted, these modes become circularly and azimuthally birefringent, that is to say HBMs with equal and opposite values of l_A(0) and spin s are non-degenerate. In this article we report the use of Bragg mirrors to reflect and convert HBMs in a twisted three-core photonic crystal fiber, and show that by writing a tilted fiber Bragg grating (FBG), reflection between HBMs of different orders becomes possible, with high wavelength-selectivity. We measure the near-field phase and amplitude distribution of the reflected HBMs interferometrically, and demonstrate good agreement with theory. This new type of FBG has potential applications in fiber lasers, sensing, quantum optics, and in any situation where creation, conversion, and reflection of OAM-carrying modes is required.