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Reaction of monoclonal antibodies with plasma membrane proteins after binding on nitrocellulose: Renaturation of antigenic sites and reduction of nonspecific antibody binding

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Birk,  Horst-Walter
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Koepsell,  Hermann
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Birk, H.-W., & Koepsell, H. (1987). Reaction of monoclonal antibodies with plasma membrane proteins after binding on nitrocellulose: Renaturation of antigenic sites and reduction of nonspecific antibody binding. Analytical Biochemistry, 164(1), 12-22. doi:10.1016/0003-2697(87)90360-5.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8291-1
Abstract
The immunochemical reaction of monoclonal antibodies directed against native membrane proteins was investigated after their separation in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels and electrotransfer to nitrocellulose. Nonspecific binding of antibodies to membrane proteins, which was increased by β-mercaptoethanol treatment or heat denaturation of the antibodies, could be significantly reduced if 1 m d-glucose plus 10% (v/v) glycerol was added during the incubation with the antibodies. It was found that specific antibody binding was drastically reduced by SDS treatment of the membrane proteins. During the electrotransfer to nitrocellulose and the simultaneous removal of SDS, some increase in antibody binding was observed. Considerable renaturation of antigenic sites in the blotted proteins could be induced if the nitrocellulose blots were incubated for 16 h at 37°C in phosphate-buffered saline. With the introduction of both modifications, the renaturation step, and the addition of d-glucose and glycerol to reduce nonspecific antibody binding, the immunoblot technique may be successfully applied to detect conformational antibodies against membrane proteins.