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Journal Article

Topology and topological sequence entropy


Snoha,  L'ubomír
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;


Ye,  Xiangdong
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Snoha, L., Ye, X., & Zhang, R. (2020). Topology and topological sequence entropy. Science China Mathematics, 63(2), 205-296. doi:10.1007/s11425-019-9536-7.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8400-3
Let $X$ be a compact metric space and $T:X\longrightarrow X$ be continuous. Let $h^*(T)$ be the supremum of topological sequence entropies of $T$ over all subsequences of $\mathbb Z_+$ and $S(X)$ be the set of the values $h^*(T)$ for all continuous maps $T$ on $X$. It is known that $\{0\} \subseteq S(X)\subseteq \{0, \log 2, \log 3, \ldots\}\cup \{\infty\}$. Only three possibilities for $S(X)$ have been observed so far, namely $S(X)=\{0\}$, $S(X)=\{0,\log2, \infty\}$ and $S(X)=\{0, \log 2, \log 3, \ldots\}\cup \{\infty\}$. In this paper we completely solve the problem of finding all possibilities for $S(X)$ by showing that in fact for every set $\{0\} \subseteq A \subseteq \{0, \log 2, \log 3, \ldots\}\cup \{\infty\}$ there exists a one-dimensional continuum $X_A$ with $S(X_A) = A$. In the construction of $X_A$ we use Cook continua. This is apparently the first application of these very rigid continua in dynamics. We further show that the same result is true if one considers only homeomorphisms rather than con\-ti\-nuous maps. The problem for group actions is also addressed. For some class of group actions (by homeomorphisms) we provide an analogous result, but in full generality this problem remains open. The result works also for an analogous class of semigroup actions (by continuous maps).