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Journal Article

Reaction center photochemistry of Heliobacterium chlorum


Feiler,  Ute
Department of Molecular Membrane Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Nitschke, W., Setif, P., Liebl, U., Feiler, U., & Rutherford, A. W. (1990). Reaction center photochemistry of Heliobacterium chlorum. Biochemistry, 29(50), 11079-11088. doi:10.1021/bi00502a010.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-932F-F
Reaction center photochemistry in Heliobacterium chlorum has been investigated by using EPR and flash absorption spectroscopy at low temperatures. The following results were obtained. At 5 K, in the presence of ascorbate, continuous illumination resulted in the formation of P798+ and a reduced iron-sulfur center designated FB (gz = 2.07, gy = 1.93, gx = 1.89). This state was stable at low temperatures, but the yield for this reaction was low, and it was estimated that it occurred only in about 3% of the centers upon the first flash. After continuous illumination of a dilute sample for 10 min, still only half of the centers attained this state. In most centers, flash excitation at 5 K produced a state which recombined with time constants of 2.5 ms (congruent to 80%) and 850 microseconds (congruent to 20%). These two phases were differently influenced by the redox state of the reaction center, indicating that two different acceptors were involved in the recombination reactions. When continuous illumination was given at 200 K, a second center, designated FA, was additionally reduced (gz = 2.05, gy = 1.95, gx = 1.90). High concentrations of dithionite resulted in the chemical reduction of FB and of most of FA; illumination at 200 K resulted in the further reduction of FA. Two triplet states were identified by EPR and optical spectroscopy. The amplitude of the narrower triplet (magnitude of D = 226 x 10(-4) cm-1) varied with the redox state of the iron-sulfur centers and was influenced by a component thought to be a quinone undergoing double reduction. It correlated with a triplet state observed by flash absorption spectroscopy showing a bleaching at 798 nm and is attributed to a triplet state formed by charge recombination in the reaction center. Its narrowness is taken as an indication of its origin on a pair of bacteriochlorophylls, and its orientation indicates an orientation of the chlorophyll ring plane perpendicular to the membrane plane. The second triplet had a wider splitting (magnitude of D = 242 x 10(-4) cm-1), did not vary systematically with redox conditions, corresponds to an optical spectrum with a maximum at 812 nm, and is not ordered in the membrane. It was thus attributed to a triplet located on a BChl g monomer in the antenna. The reaction center photochemistry in H. chlorum is comparable in many respects to that of photosystem I and green sulfur bacteria. Earlier contrasting conclusions are discussed and rationalized in light of the present results.