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Journal Article

Self-adjoint local boundary problems on compact surfaces. I. Spectral flow


Prokhorova,  Marina
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Max Planck Society;

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Prokhorova, M. (in press). Self-adjoint local boundary problems on compact surfaces. I. Spectral flow. The Journal of Geometric Analysis, Published Online - Print pending. doi:10.1007/s12220-019-00313-0.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-8D2A-C
The paper deals with first order self-adjoint elliptic differential operators on a smooth compact oriented surface with non-empty boundary. We consider such operators with self-adjoint local boundary conditions. The paper is focused on paths in the space of such operators connecting two operators conjugated by a unitary automorphism. The first result is the computation of the spectral flow for such paths in terms of the topological data over the boundary. The second result is the universality of the spectral flow: we show that the spectral flow is a universal additive invariant for such paths, if the vanishing on paths of invertible operators is required. In the next paper of the series we generalize these results to families of such operators parametrized by points of an arbitrary compact space instead of an interval. The integer-valued spectral flow is replaced then by the family index taking values in the $K^1$-group of the base space.