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Journal Article

The kinematic evolution of erupting structures in confined solar flares


Cheng,  Xin
Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society;

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Huang, Z., Cheng, X., & Ding, M. (2020). The kinematic evolution of erupting structures in confined solar flares. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 904(1): L2. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/abc5b0.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-9166-2
In this Letter, we study the kinematic properties of ascending hot blobs associated with confined flares. Taking advantage of high-cadence extreme-ultraviolet images provided by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we find that for the 26 events selected here, the hot blobs are first impulsively accelerated outward, but then quickly slow down to motionlessness. Their velocity evolution is basically synchronous with the temporal variation of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite soft X-ray flux of the associated flares, except that the velocity peak precedes the soft X-ray peak by minutes. Moreover, the duration of the acceleration phase of the erupting blobs is moderately correlated with that of the flare rise phase. For nine of the 26 cases, the erupting blobs even appear minutes prior to the onset of the associated flares. Our results show that a fraction of confined flares also involve the eruption of a magnetic flux rope, which sometimes is formed and heated prior to the flare onset. We suggest that the initiation and development of these confined flares are similar to that of eruptive ones, and the main difference may lie in the background field constraint, which is stronger for the former than for the latter.