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NF-kappaB is essential for induction of CYLD, the negative regulator of NF-kappaB: evidence for a novel inducible autoregulatory feedback pathway

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Trompouki,  Eirini
Department of Cellular and Molecular Immunology, Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics, Max Planck Society;

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Jono et al. 2004.pdf
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Citation

Jono, H., Lim, J. H., Chen, L.-F., Xu, H., Trompouki, E., Pan, Z. K., et al. (2004). NF-kappaB is essential for induction of CYLD, the negative regulator of NF-kappaB: evidence for a novel inducible autoregulatory feedback pathway. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279, 36171-36174. doi:10.1074/jbc.M406638200.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-9489-7
Abstract
The transcription factor NF-κB regulates genes involved in inflammatory and immune responses, tumorigenesis, and apoptosis. In contrast to the pleiotropic stimuli that lead to its positive regulation, the known signaling mechanisms that underlie the negative regulation of NF-κB are very few. Recent studies have identified the tumor suppressor CYLD, loss of which causes a benign human syndrome called cylindromatosis, as a key negative regulator for NF-κB signaling by deubiquitinating tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 2, TRAF6, and NEMO (NF-κB essential modulator, also known as IκB kinase γ). However, how CYLD is regulated remains unknown. The present study revealed a novel autoregulatory feedback pathway through which activation of NF-κB by TNF-α and bacterium nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) induces CYLD that in turn leads to the negative regulation of NF-κB signaling. In addition, TRAF2 and TRAF6 appear to be differentially involved in NF-κB-dependent induction of CYLD by TNF-α and NTHi. These findings provide novel insights into the autoregulation of NF-κB activation.