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Pump and displacement currents of reconstituted ATP Synthase on black lipid membranes

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Christensen,  B.
Transport Proteins Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

Gutweiler,  M.
Molecular Biophysics Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Grell,  Ernst
Molecular Biophysics Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

Wagner,  N.
Molecular Biophysics Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

Pabst,  R.
Molecular Biophysics Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

Dose,  K.
Molecular Biophysics Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Bamberg,  Ernst
Transport Proteins Group, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Christensen, B., Gutweiler, M., Grell, E., Wagner, N., Pabst, R., Dose, K., et al. (1988). Pump and displacement currents of reconstituted ATP Synthase on black lipid membranes. Journal of Membrane Biology, 104, 179-191. doi:10.1007/BF01870929.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-9932-4
Abstract
Purified ATP synthase (F0F1) fromRhodospirillum rubrum was reconstituted into asolectin liposomes which were than adsorbed to a planar lipid bilayer. After the addition of an inactive photolabile ATP derivative (caged ATP), ATP was released after illumination with UV light, which led to a transient current in the system. The transient photocurrent indicates that the vesicles and the planar membrane are capacitatively coupled. Stationary pump currents were obtained after addition of protonophores. These currents are specifically inhibited by oligomycin and stimulated threefold by inorganic phosphate (Pi). In analogy oligomycin-sensitive pump currents in the reverse direction coupled to net ATP synthesis were induced by a light-induced concentration jump of ADP out of caged ADP, demonstrating the reversibility of the pump. For this, a preformed proton motive force and Pi were necessary. In a second series of experiments, proteoliposomes containing both ATP synthase and bacteriorhodopsin were adsorbed to a planar bilayer. The system was excited by a laser flash. The resulting photocurrents were measured with a time resolution of 2 μsec. In the presence of ADP, the signal was modulated by the electrical activity of ATP synthase. ADP-induced charge displacements in ATP synthase, with time constants of 11 and 160 μsec were obtained. The kinetics of the charge movements were slowed down by F0 specific inhibitors (DCCD or oligomycin) and were totally absent if ADP binding to F1 is prevented by the catalytic site-blocking agent NBD-Cl. The charge displacement of ATP synthase is coupled only to the membrane potential induced by the electrical activity of bacteriorhodopsin. The charge movements are interpreted as conformational transitions during early steps of the reaction cycle of ATP synthase.