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Characterisation of the metal‐ion–GDP complex at the active sites of transforming and nontransforming p21 proteins by observation of the 17O‐Mn superhyperfine coupling and by kinetic methods

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Feuerstein,  Jürgen
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Kalbitzer,  Hans Robert
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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John,  Jacob
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Goody,  Roger S.
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Wittinghofer,  Alfred
Emeritus Group Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Feuerstein, J., Kalbitzer, H. R., John, J., Goody, R. S., & Wittinghofer, A. (1987). Characterisation of the metal‐ion–GDP complex at the active sites of transforming and nontransforming p21 proteins by observation of the 17O‐Mn superhyperfine coupling and by kinetic methods. European Journal of Biochemistry, 162(1), 49-55. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1987.tb10540.x.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-A0C5-5
Abstract
Kinetic studies on the interaction of three Ha-ras-encoded p21 proteins with GDP and MgGDP have yielded values for the association (10(6)-10(7) M-1 s-1) and dissociation (10(-3)-10(-5) s-1) rate constants at 0 degrees C. Dramatic differences in the rate constants were not observed for the three proteins. Under non-physiological conditions (absence of Mg2+), the rate constant for GDP release was an order of magnitude faster for the viral protein p21v than for the cellular form p21c or the T24 mutant p21t, but this was reduced to a factor of about 3 in the presence of Mg2+. In all cases, there was an increase of about one order of magnitude in the rate of GDP release on removing magnesium. The binding affinities ranged from 5.7 X 10(10) M-1 for p21c to 1.3 X 10(11) M-1 for p21v. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements on Mn2+ bound together with stereospecifically 17O-labelled GDP showed direct coordination of a beta-phosphate oxygen to the metal ion with a superhyperfine coupling constant of 0.16-0.22 mT, but no interaction with the alpha-phosphate oxygens at the active site of all three proteins. The association constant of Mn(II) to p21 proteins in the absence of nucleotides was estimated to be greater than 10(5) M-1. In agreement with the EPR results, experiments on the metal ion dependence of the binding of thiophosphate analogs of GDP provided further evidence for the absence of direct coordination of the metal ion to the alpha-phosphate group. These results have been used to construct a model for the interactions of Mg X GDP with the active site of p21 proteins.