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Inhibition of inorganic anion transport across the human red blood cell membrane by chloride-dependent association of dipyridamole with a stilbene disulfonate binding site on the band 3 protein

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Legrum,  Barbara
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Passow,  Hermann
Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Legrum, B., & Passow, H. (1989). Inhibition of inorganic anion transport across the human red blood cell membrane by chloride-dependent association of dipyridamole with a stilbene disulfonate binding site on the band 3 protein. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes, 979(2), 193-207. doi:10.1016/0005-2736(89)90435-5.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-A551-3
Abstract
The inhibition of inorganic anion transport by dipyridamole (2,6-bis(diethanolamino)-4,8-dipiperidinopyrimido[5,4-d] pyrimidine) takes place only in the presence of Cl-, other halides, nitrate or bicarbonate. At any given dipyridamole concentration, the anion flux relative to the flux in the absence of dipyridamole follows the equation: Jrel = (1 + alpha 2[Cl-])/(1 + alpha 4[Cl-]) where alpha 2 and alpha 4 are independent of [Cl-] but dependent on dipyridamole concentration. At high [Cl-] the flux approaches alpha2/alpha4, which decreases with increasing dipyridamole concentration. Even when both [Cl-] and dipyridamole concentration assume large values, a small residual flux remains. The equation can be deduced on the assumption that Cl- binding allosterically increases the affinity for dipyridamole binding to band 3 and that the bound dipyridamole produces a non-competitive inhibition of sulfate transport. The mass-law constants for the binding of Cl- and dipyridamole to their respective-binding sites are about 24 mM and 1.5 microM, respectively (pH 6.9, 26 degrees C). Dipyridamole binding leads to a displacement of 4,4'-dibenzoylstilbene-2,2'-disulfonate (DBDS) from the stilbenedisulfonate binding site of band 3. The effect can be predicted quantitatively on the assumption that the Cl- -promoted dipyridamole binding leads to a competitive replacement of the stilbenedisulfonates. For the calculations, the same mass-law constants for binding of Cl- and dipyridamole can be used that were derived from the kinetic studies on Cl- -promoted anion transport inhibition. The newly described Cl- binding site is highly selective with respect to Cl- and other monovalent anion species. There is little competition with SO42-, indicating that Cl- binding involves other than purely electrostative forces. The affinity of the binding site to Cl- does not change over the pH range 6.0-7.5. Dipyridamole binds only in its deprotonated state. Binding of the deprotonated dipyridamole is pH-independent over the same range as Cl- binding.