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Journal Article

#### Cyclotomic polynomials with prescribed height and prime number theory

##### MPS-Authors

##### External Ressource

https://doi.org/10.1112/mtk.12069

(Publisher version)

##### Fulltext (public)

arXiv:1910.01039.pdf

(Preprint), 289KB

Kosyak-Moree-Sofos_Zhang_Cyclotomic polynomials with prescribed height and prime number theory_2021.pdf

(Publisher version), 202KB

##### Supplementary Material (public)

There is no public supplementary material available

##### Citation

Kosyak, A., Moree, P., Sofos, E., & Zhang, B. (2021). Cyclotomic polynomials with
prescribed height and prime number theory.* Mathematika,* *67*(1),
214-234. doi:10.1112/mtk.12069.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-A726-2

##### Abstract

Given any positive integer $n,$ let $A(n)$ denote the height of the
$n^{\text{th}}$ cyclotomic polynomial, that is its maximum coefficient in
absolute value. It is well known that $A(n)$ is unbounded. We conjecture that
every natural number can arise as value of $A(n)$ and prove this assuming that
for every pair of consecutive primes $p$ and $p'$ with $p\ge 127$ we have
$p'-p<\sqrt{p}+1.$ We also conjecture that every natural number occurs as
maximum coefficient of some cyclotomic polynomial and show that this is true if
Andrica's conjecture that always $\sqrt{p'}-\sqrt{p}<1$ holds. This is the
first time, as far as the authors know, a connection between prime gaps and
cyclotomic polynomials is uncovered. Using a result of Heath-Brown on prime
gaps we show unconditionally that every natural number $m\le x$ occurs as
$A(n)$ value with at most $O_{\epsilon}(x^{3/5+\epsilon})$ exceptions. On the
Lindel\"of Hypothesis we show there are at most
$O_{\epsilon}(x^{1/2+\epsilon})$ exceptions and study them further by using
deep work of Bombieri--Friedlander--Iwaniec on the distribution of primes in
arithmetic progressions beyond the square-root barrier.