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Journal Article

Host-specialized transcriptome of plant-associated organisms

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Lorrain,  Cécile
Max Planck Fellow Group Environmental Genomics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Stukenbrock,  Eva H.
Max Planck Fellow Group Environmental Genomics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Petre, B., Lorrain, C., Stukenbrock, E. H., & Duplessis, S. (2020). Host-specialized transcriptome of plant-associated organisms. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 56, 81-88. doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2020.04.007.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-A72E-A
Abstract
Living organisms respond to their immediate environment by modulating their genetic programme to perform adapted functions. Eukaryotic organisms that associate with plants (fungi, oomycetes, insects, …) alter their transcriptome in a host-specific manner. Recent comparative transcriptomic studies revealed that host-specialized transcriptomes consist of a limited set of genes. Such a set typically encodes proteins that modulate host structures and functions (predicted effectors and other secreted proteins), control nutrient assimilation (proteases, transporters), and maintain cellular homeostasis (oxidoreductases, detoxification enzymes). We conclude by discussing open mechanistic and evolutionary questions and integrated approaches to move beyond descriptive studies.