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First principles calculations of the structure and V L-edge X-ray absorption spectra of V2O5 using local pair natural orbital coupled cluster theory and spin–orbit coupled configuration interaction approaches

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Manganas,  Dimitrios
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Roemelt,  Michael
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Schlögl,  Robert
Inorganic Chemistry Department, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft;
Research Department Schlögl, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Manganas, D., Roemelt, M., Hävecker, M., Trunschke, A., Knop-Gericke, A., Schlögl, R., et al. (2013). First principles calculations of the structure and V L-edge X-ray absorption spectra of V2O5 using local pair natural orbital coupled cluster theory and spin–orbit coupled configuration interaction approaches. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 15(19), 7260-7276. doi:10.1039/C3CP50709B.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-B740-2
Abstract
A detailed study of the electronic and geometric structure of V2O5 and its X-ray spectroscopic properties is presented. Cluster models of increasing size were constructed in order to represent the surface and the bulk environment of V2O5. The models were terminated with hydrogen atoms at the edges or embedded in a Madelung field. The structure and interlayer binding energies were studied with dispersion-corrected local, hybrid and double hybrid density functional theory as well as the local pair natural orbital coupled cluster method (LPNO-CCSD). Convergence of the results with respect to cluster size was achieved by extending the model to up to 20 vanadium centers. The O K-edge and the V L2,3-edge NEXAFS spectra of V2O5 were calculated on the basis of the newly developed Restricted Open shell Configuration Interaction with Singles (DFT-ROCIS) method. In this study the applicability of the method is extended to the field of solid-state catalysis. For the first time excellent agreement between theoretically predicted and experimentally measured vanadium L-edge NEXAFS spectra of V2O5 was achieved. At the same time the agreement between experimental and theoretical oxygen K-edge spectra is also excellent. Importantly, the intensity distribution between the oxygen K-edge and vanadium L-edge spectra is correctly reproduced, thus indicating that the covalency of the metal–ligand bonds is correctly described by the calculations. The origin of the spectral features is discussed in terms of the electronic structure using both quasi-atomic jj coupling and molecular LS coupling schemes. The effects of the bulk environment driven by weak interlayer interactions were also studied, demonstrating that large clusters are important in order to correctly calculate core level absorption spectra in solids.