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Projection structure of NhaA, a secondary transporter from Escherichia coli, at 4.0 A resolution

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Williams,  Karen A.
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Geldmacher-Kaufer,  Ulrike
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Kühlbrandt,  Werner
Department of Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Williams, K. A., Geldmacher-Kaufer, U., Padan, E., Schuldiner, S., & Kühlbrandt, W. (1999). Projection structure of NhaA, a secondary transporter from Escherichia coli, at 4.0 A resolution. EMBO Journal, 18(13), 3558-3563. doi:10.1093/emboj/18.13.3558.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-CB90-1
Abstract
Electron cryomicroscopy of frozen-hydrated two-dimensional crystals of NhaA, a Na+/H+ antiporter from Escherichia coli predicted to have 12 transmembrane alpha-helices, has facilitated the calculation of a projection map of NhaA at 4.0 A resolution. NhaA was homologously expressed in E.coli with a His6 tag, solubilized in dodecyl maltoside and purified in a single step using Ni2+ affinity chromatography. Two-dimensional crystals were obtained after reconstitution of purified protein with E.coli lipids. The projection map reveals that this secondary transporter has a highly asymmetric structure in projection. NhaA exhibits overall dimensions of approximately 38x48 A with a ring-shaped density feature probably corresponding to a bundle of tilted helices, adjacent to an elongated region of density containing several peaks indicative of transmembrane helices. Two crystal forms with p22121 symmetry show tightly packed dimers of NhaA which differ in the interactions between adjacent dimers. This work provides the first direct glimpse into the structure of a secondary transporter.