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Crystal-momentum-resolved contributions to multiple plateaus of high-order harmonic generation from band-gap materials

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Yu,  Chuan
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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2007.08931.pdf
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Citation

Yu, C., Iravani, H., & Madsen, L. B. (2020). Crystal-momentum-resolved contributions to multiple plateaus of high-order harmonic generation from band-gap materials. Physical Review A, 102(3): 033105. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.102.033105.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-CD5D-B
Abstract
We study the crystal-momentum-resolved contributions to the high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in band-gap materials, and identify the relevant initial crystal momenta for the first and higher plateaus of the HHG spectra. We do so by using a time-dependent density-functional theory model of one-dimensional linear chains. We introduce a self-consistent periodic treatment for the infinitely extended limit of the linear chain model, which provides a convenient way to simulate and discuss the HHG from a perfect crystal beyond the single-active-electron approximation. The multiplateau spectral feature is elucidated by a semiclassical k-space trajectory analysis with multiple conduction bands taken into account. In the considered laser-interaction regime, the multiple plateaus beyond the first cutoff are found to stem mainly from electrons with initial crystal momenta away from the Gamma point (k = 0), while electrons with initial crystal momenta located around the Gamma point are responsible for the harmonics in the first plateau. We also show that similar findings can be obtained from calculations using a sufficiently large finite model, which proves to mimic the corresponding infinite periodic limit in terms of the band structures and the HHG spectra.