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Journal Article

Characterization of Mg-ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport in cat pancreatic microsomes

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Kribben,  A.
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Tyrakowski,  T.
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Schulz,  Irene
Department of Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Kribben, A., Tyrakowski, T., & Schulz, I. (1983). Characterization of Mg-ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport in cat pancreatic microsomes. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 244(5), G480-G490. doi:10.1152/ajpgi.1983.244.5.G480.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-E8D3-5
Abstract
Mg-ATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+-ATPase activity have been examined in isolated microsomes obtained by differential centrifugation and in purified subcellular fractions obtained by Ficoll-sucrose density centrifugation in the presence of mitochondrial inhibitors. Mg-ATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake increased with increasing EGTA-buffered free [Ca2+], reaching a maximum of 2 nmol 45Ca2+ X 15 min-1 X mg prot-1 at 2 mumol/1 [Ca2+] in the incubation medium. Half-maximal 45Ca2+ uptake was at approximately 0.2 mumol/1 [Ca2+]. Maximal Ca2+ -Mg2+ -ATPase activity was 130 nmol X 15 min-1 X mg prot-1 at 2 mumol/l [Ca2+], with an apparent Km of approximately 0.3 mumol/l [Ca2+]. The Ca2+ ionophore A23187 (10-6 mol/l), the mercurial compounds mersalyl (10-5 mol/l) and CH3ClHg (10-3 mol/l), as well as La3+ (10-4 mol/l), vanadate (10-4 mol/l), and saponin (50 micrograms/mg prot), abolished Mg-ATP-promoted 45Ca2+ uptake. In the absence of Mg2+, ATP did not provoke 45Ca2+ uptake. Using the purified smooth membrane fraction (F1) from the Ficoll-sucrose density gradient (enrichment of Na+-K+-ATPase specific activity by ninefold and of NADH-cytochrome c reductase by threefold as compared with total tissue homogenate), Mg-ATP-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake correlated better with Na+-K+-ATPase (r = 0.97) than with the smooth endoplasmic marker NADH-cytochrome c reductase (r = 0.52). No correlation was found with RNA, the marker for rough endoplasmic reticulum. We conclude that pancreatic plasma membranes contain a Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase that represents the Ca2+ extrusion system from acinar cells. It is also possible that vesicular membrane structures associated with the plasma membrane, or endocytotic plasma membrane vesicles, take up Ca2+ and represent an intracellular Ca2+ pool.