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ENDOR Spectroscopy and DFT Calculations: Evidence for the Hydrogen-Bond Network Within α2 in the PCET of E. coli Ribonucleotide Reductase

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Riplinger,  Christoph
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Neese, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Argirević, T., Riplinger, C., Stubbe, J., Neese, F., & Bennati, M. (2012). ENDOR Spectroscopy and DFT Calculations: Evidence for the Hydrogen-Bond Network Within α2 in the PCET of E. coli Ribonucleotide Reductase. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 134(42), 17661-17670. doi:10.1021/ja3071682.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-E5DC-F
Abstract
Escherichia coli class I ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) catalyzes the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides and is composed of two subunits: α2 and β2. β2 contains a stable di-iron tyrosyl radical (Y122) cofactor required to generate a thiyl radical (C439) in α2 over a distance of 35 Å, which in turn initiates the chemistry of the reduction process. The radical transfer process is proposed to occur by proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) via a specific pathway: Y122 ⇆ W48[?] ⇆ Y356 in β2, across the subunit interface to Y731 ⇆ Y730 ⇆ C439 in α2. Within α2 a colinear PCET model has been proposed. To obtain evidence for this model, 3-amino tyrosine (NH2Y) replaced Y730 in α2, and this mutant was incubated with β2, cytidine 5′-diphosphate, and adenosine 5′-triphosphate to generate a NH2Y730 in D2O. [2H]-Electron–nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectra at 94 GHz of this intermediate were obtained, and together with DFT models of α2 and quantum chemical calculations allowed assignment of the prominent ENDOR features to two hydrogen bonds likely associated with C439 and Y731. A third proton was assigned to a water molecule in close proximity (2.2 Å O–H···O distance) to residue 730. The calculations also suggest that the unusual g-values measured for NH2Y730 are consistent with the combined effect of the hydrogen bonds to Cys439 and Tyr731, both nearly perpendicular to the ring plane of NH2Y730. The results provide the first experimental evidence for the hydrogen-bond network between the pathway residues in α2 of the active RNR complex, for which no structural data are available.