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Specific effect of peculiar velocities on dark-energy constraints from Type Ia supernovae

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Huterer,  Dragan
Physical Cosmology, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Huterer, D. (2020). Specific effect of peculiar velocities on dark-energy constraints from Type Ia supernovae. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 904(2): L28. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/abc958.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-E817-A
Abstract
Peculiar velocities of Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) host galaxies affect the dark-energy parameter constraints in a small but very specific way: the parameters are biased in a single direction in parameter space that is a priori knowable for a given SN Ia data set. We demonstrate the latter fact with a combination of inference from a cosmological N-body simulation with overwhelming statistics applied to the Pantheon SN Ia data set, then confirm it by simple quantitative arguments. We quantify small modifications to the current analyses that would ensure that the effect of cosmological parameters is essentially guaranteed to be negligible.