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Plasma fibrin clots of pulmonary embolism patients present increased amounts of factor XIII and alpha2-antiplasmin at 3 months' anticoagulation since the acute phase

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Zettl,  K.
Mann, Matthias / Proteomics and Signal Transduction, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Wisniewski,  J. R.
Mann, Matthias / Proteomics and Signal Transduction, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society;

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jpp.2020.4.07.pdf
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Citation

Zabczyk, M., Natorska, J., Bagoly, Z., Sarkady, F., Barath, B., Katona, E., et al. (2020). Plasma fibrin clots of pulmonary embolism patients present increased amounts of factor XIII and alpha2-antiplasmin at 3 months' anticoagulation since the acute phase. Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 71(4), 519-524. doi:10.26402/jpp.2020.4.07.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-094E-8
Abstract
Fibrin cross-linking by coagulation factor (F)XIII leads to clot stabilization. Reduced plasma FXIII levels have been reported in acute pulmonary embolism (PE) patients. We investigated the impact of anticoagulant therapy on clot-bound amounts of FXIII and alpha 2-antiplasmin and their associations with fibrin clot properties in patients with PE. Clots generated from plasma of 18 acute symptomatic patients on admission and after a 3-month treatment with rivaroxaban were assessed off anticoagulation using mass spectrometry. Plasma FXIII and alpha 2-antiplasmin activity were determined at the 2 time points along with thrombin generation markers, plasma fibrin clot permeability (K-s), and clot lysis time (CLT). Following anticoagulant therapy, clot-bound FXIII increased from 2.97 (interquartile range, 1.98 - 4.08) to 4.66 (3.5 - 6.9) mg/g protein and alpha 2-antiplasmin from 9.4 (7.2 - 10.6) to 11 (9.5 - 14) mg/g protein (both p < 0.0001). The two parameters showed positive correlation at baseline only (r = 0.63, p = 0.0056). Similarly to clot-bound amounts, plasma FXIII (+25.8%) and alpha 2-antiplasmin activity (+12%) increased at 3 months. Plasma FXIII activity on admission, but not after 3 months since the index PE, was associated with amounts of clot-bound FXIII (r = 0.35, p = 0.043) and alpha 2-antiplasmin (r = 0.47, p = 0.048). At baseline, clot-bound FXIII correlated with plasma F1+2 prothrombin fragments levels (r = 0.51, p = 0.03), while clot-bound alpha 2-antiplasmin correlated with CLT (r = 0.43, p = 0.036). At 3 months associations of clot-bound FXIII and alpha 2-antiplasmin were abolished. This study assessed for the first time changes in the fibrin clot composition following acute PE, suggesting an increase of clot-bound and plasma FXIII and alpha 2-antiplasmin levels after 3 months.