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Book Chapter

Seed Development and Genomic Imprinting in Plants

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Citation

Köhler, C., & Grossniklaus, U. (2005). Seed Development and Genomic Imprinting in Plants. In Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology (pp. 237-262).


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-F68E-4
Abstract
Genomic imprinting refers to an epigenetic phenomenon where the activity of an allele depends on its parental origin. Imprinting at individual genes has only been described in mammals and seed plants. We will discuss the role imprinted genes play in seed development and compare the situation in plants with that in mammals. Interestingly, many imprinted genes appear to control cell proliferation and growth in both groups of organisms although imprinting in plants may also be involved in the cellular differentiation of the two pairs of gametes involved in double fertilization. DNA methylation plays some role in the control of parent-of-origin-specific expression in both mammals and plants. Thus, although imprinting evolved independently in mammals and plants, there are striking similarities at the phenotypic and possibly also mechanistic level.