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Journal Article

Size distributions of chylomicrons from human lymph from dynamic light scattering measurements


Ruf,  Horst
Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Ruf, H., & Gould, B. J. (1998). Size distributions of chylomicrons from human lymph from dynamic light scattering measurements. European Biophysics Journal, 28, 1-11. doi:10.1007/s002490050178.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-F83B-0
Chylomicrons, the vehicles for the transport of exogeneous triglycerides and cholesterol in the lymph and the blood, were characterized by their size from dynamic light scattering measurements. To achieve an appropriate resolution, correlation data were collected over several hours. Analysis was performed with an extended version of the regularization method CONTIN, and special attention was given to errors in the experimental baseline and to randomness of the residuals. The solutions selected by means of Fisher's F-test by CONTIN agreed with those obtained with the stability plot of Schnablegger and Glatter, when in the case of data of lower statistical accuracy the solution was taken from the lower part of the confidence interval of the F-test. The intensity-weighted size distributions indicated two classes of particle, their mean diameters being 100–140 nm and 330–350 nm. The ability to resolve two peaks of such a size ratio is demonstrated. The numbers of particles associated with the two peaks were estimated by means of the scattering properties of the particles, which showed that the overwhelming majority were small ones. This estimation also suggested that the mean size of the first peak of the number distribution is significantly smaller than the typical size of chylomicrons. This was consistent with the finding that the sample contained not only apolipoprotein B-48 but also a similar amount of apolipoprotein B-100, which is associated with lipoproteins of smaller size. The larger particles of the second peak are probably dietary triglyceride-rich chylomicrons.