Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse




Journal Article

Amiloride-inhibitable Na+ conductance in rat proximal tubule


Ullrich,  Karl Julius
Emeritusgroup Physiology, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (restricted access)
There are currently no full texts shared for your IP range.
Fulltext (public)
There are no public fulltexts stored in PuRe
Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available

Willman, J., Bleich, M., Rizzo, M., Schmidt-Hieber, M., Ullrich, K. J., & Greger, R. (1997). Amiloride-inhibitable Na+ conductance in rat proximal tubule. Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology, 434(2), 173-178. doi:10.1007/s004240050380.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-F838-3
Previous single-channel recordings from the luminal membrane of the rabbit proximal tubule have revealed amiloride-inhibitable Na+ channels of a characteristic conductance range. The present study aimed to pursue this issue in rat proximal tubule. Control rats were compared to those put on a low-Na+ diet or pretreated by triamcinolone injections (s.c.). Stimulation of Na+ absorption by glucocorticoids was verified by examining the transepithelial voltage in Ussing chamber studies of the distal colon. The membrane voltage (Vm) of isolated, in-vitro-perfused proximal tubule segments was measured in patch-clamp and impalement studies. It was found that amiloride hyperpolarized Vm significantly by 2.1 ± 0.9 mV (n = 26) in tubules of control rats, by 3.9 ± 0.7 mV (n = 12) in rats put on a low-Na+ diet and by 3.7 ± 1.0 mV (n = 17) in rats treated with glucocorticoids. The effect of amiloride was concentration dependent with a half-maximal effect at < 1 micromol/l. RT-PCR techniques were used to search for the presence of the alpha-, beta- and gamma-subunits of the epithelial Na+ channel in isolated proximal tubule segments. The presence of the respective mRNAs was verified. These data indicate that: (1) amiloride-inhibitable Na+ channels are present in rate proximal tubules; (2) the Na+ conductance may be up-regulated by Na+ deprivation but is still very limited when compared to total cell conductance; (3) therefore, the contribution of Na+-channel-mediated absorption to total proximal Na+ absorption is probably small.