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Journal Article

Physical parameter space of bimetric theory and SN1a constraints


Weller,  Jochen
Optical and Interpretative Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Lüben, M., Schmidt-May, A., & Weller, J. (2020). Physical parameter space of bimetric theory and SN1a constraints. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2020(9): 024. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2020/09/024.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-FDBB-A
Bimetric theory describes a massless and a massive spin-2 field with fully non-linear (self-)interactions. It has a rich phenomenology and has been successfully tested with several data sets. However, the observational constraints have not been combined in a consistent framework, yet. We propose a parametrization of bimetric solutions in terms of the effective cosmological constant Λ and the mass mFP of the spin-2 field as well as its coupling strength to ordinary matter α¯. This simplifies choosing priors in statistical analysis and allows to directly constrain these parameters with observational data not only from local systems but also from cosmology. By identifying the physical vacuum of bimetric theory these parameters are uniquely determined. We work out the dictionary for the new parametrization for various submodels and present the implied consistency constraints on the physical parameter space. We then apply the dictionary to derive observational constraints from SN1a on the physical parameters. As a result we find that even self-accelerating models with a heavy spin-2 field are in perfect agreement with current supernova data.