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NADH Oxidation by the Na+-translocating NADH:Quinone Oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae: FUNCTIONAL ROLE OF THE NqrF SUBUNIT

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Bill,  Eckhard
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Türk, K., Puhar, A., Neese, F., Bill, E., Fritz, G., & Steuber, J. (2004). NADH Oxidation by the Na+-translocating NADH:Quinone Oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae: FUNCTIONAL ROLE OF THE NqrF SUBUNIT. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279(20), 21349-21355. doi:10.1074/jbc.M311692200.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-1051-A
Abstract
The Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae is a six subunit enzyme containing four flavins and a single motif for the binding of a Fe-S cluster on its NqrF subunit. This study reports the production of a soluble variant of NqrF (NqrF′) and its individual flavin and Fe-S-carrying domains using V. cholerae or Escherichia coli as expression hosts. NqrF′ and the flavin domain each contain 1 mol of FAD/mol of enzyme and exhibit high NADH oxidation activity (20,000 μmol min-1 mg-1). EPR, visible absorption, and circular dichroism spectroscopy indicate that the Fe-S cluster in NqrF′ and its Fe-S domain is related to 2Fe ferredoxins of the vertebrate-type. The addition of NADH to NqrF′ results in the formation of a neutral flavosemiquinone and a partial reduction of the Fe-S cluster. The NqrF subunit harbors the active site of NADH oxidation and acts as a converter between the hydride donor NADH and subsequent one-electron reaction steps in the Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase complex. The observed electron transfer NADH → FAD → [2Fe-2S] in NqrF requires positioning of the FAD and the Fe-S cluster in close proximity in accordance with a structural model of the subunit.