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Impact of firework on nitrooxy-organosulfates in urban aerosols during Chinese New Year Eve

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Su,  Hang
Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Cheng,  Yafang
Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Xie, Q., Su, S., Chen, J., Dai, Y., Yue, S., Su, H., et al. (2021). Impact of firework on nitrooxy-organosulfates in urban aerosols during Chinese New Year Eve. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 21. doi:10.5194/acp-2021-67.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-0333-B
Abstract
Little is known about the formation processes of nitrooxy-organosulfates (nitrooxy-OSs) by nighttime chemistry. Here we characterize nitrooxy-OSs at a molecular level in firework-related aerosols in urban Beijing during Chinese New Year. High-molecular-weight nitrooxy-OSs with relatively low H / C and O / C ratios and high unsaturation, which are potentially aromatic-like nitrooxy-OSs, considerably increased during the New Year’s Eve. We find that large quantities of carboxylic-rich alicyclic molecules possibly formed by nighttime reactions. The sufficient abundance of aliphatic-like and aromatic-like nitrooxy-OSs demonstrates that both anthropogenic and biogenic volatile organic compounds are essential precursors of urban secondary organic aerosols (SOA). Besides, more than 98 % of nitrooxy-OSs were extremely low-volatile organic compounds that could easily partition into and consist in the particle phase, and affected the volatility, hygroscopicity, and even toxicity of urban aerosols. Our study provides new insights into the formation of nitrooxy-organosulfates from anthropogenic emissions through nighttime chemistry in the urban atmosphere.