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A database of Dutch–English cognates, interlingual homographs and translation equivalents

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Poort, E. D., & Rodd, J. M. (2019). A database of Dutch–English cognates, interlingual homographs and translation equivalents. Journal of Cognition, 2(1): 15. doi:10.5334/joc.67.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-2640-5
Abstract
To investigate the structure of the bilingual mental lexicon, researchers in the field of bilingualism often use words that exist in multiple languages: cognates (which have the same meaning) and interlingual homographs (which have a different meaning). A high proportion of these studies have investigated language processing in Dutch–English bilinguals. Despite the abundance of research using such materials, few studies exist that have validated such materials. We conducted two rating experiments in which Dutch–English bilinguals rated the meaning, spelling and pronunciation similarity of pairs of Dutch and English words. On the basis of these results, we present a new database of Dutch–English identical cognates (e.g. “wolf”–“wolf”; n = 58), non-identical cognates (e.g. “kat”–“cat”; n = 74), interlingual homographs (e.g. “angel”–“angel”; n = 72) and translation equivalents (e.g. “wortel”–“carrot”; n = 78). The database can be accessed at http://osf.io/tcdxb/.