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Effect of N-Methylation of Macrocyclic Amine Ligands on the Spin State of Iron(III):  A Tale of Two Fluoro Complexes

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Berry,  John F.
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Bill,  Eckhard
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

García-Serres,  Ricardo
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Neese,  Frank
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Weyhermüller,  Thomas
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Wieghardt,  Karl
Research Department Wieghardt, Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Berry, J. F., Bill, E., García-Serres, R., Neese, F., Weyhermüller, T., & Wieghardt, K. (2006). Effect of N-Methylation of Macrocyclic Amine Ligands on the Spin State of Iron(III):  A Tale of Two Fluoro Complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 45(5), 2027-2037. doi:10.1021/ic051823y.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-368B-F
Abstract
Syntheses and characterization of [(cyclamacetate)FeF]PF6 (1) and the corresponding N-methylated complex [(trimethylcyclamacetate)FeF]PF6 (3) are presented. Compound 1 is prepared in good yields from the analogous chloro complex, whereas 3 is prepared by hydrolysis of the oxo-bridged diiron compound (Me3cyclam-acetate)Fe−O−FeCl3 (2) in the presence of PF6 anions. Magnetic susceptibility and spectroscopic data including electron paramagnetic resonance and Mössbauer spectra indicate that 1 contains low-spin FeIII (S = 1/2), while 3 is high spin (S = 5/2). Both octahedral fluoro complexes were investigated theoretically by density functional theory in order to determine why the spin states of the two molecules are different. Energies calculated using the B3LYP functional correctly predict 1 to have a low-spin S = 1/2 ground state and 3 to be high spin, regardless of whether a solvation model is included. The difference between 1 and 3 is most likely a combination of steric effects caused by the N-methyl groups, which compel the Fe−N bond distances to be longer in 3 than they ordinarily would be, and also electronic effects, which cause the N-methylated ligand to be a weaker σ donor than its nonmethylated counterpart.