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Journal Article

Flux crystals, Majorana metals, and flat bands in exactly solvable spin-orbital liquids


Chulliparambil,  Sreejith
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Max Planck Society;

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Chulliparambil, S., Janssen, L., Vojta, M., Tu, H.-H., & Seifert, U. F. P. (2021). Flux crystals, Majorana metals, and flat bands in exactly solvable spin-orbital liquids. Physical Review B, 103(7): 075144. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.103.075144.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4B6B-D
Spin-orbital liquids are quantum disordered states in systems with entangled spin and orbital degrees of freedom. We study exactly solvable spin-orbital models in two dimensions with selected Heisenberg-, Kitaev-, and Gamma-type interactions, as well as external magnetic fields. These models realize a variety of spin-orbital-liquid phases featuring dispersing Majorana fermions with Fermi surfaces, nodal Dirac or quadratic band touching points, or full gaps. In particular, we show that Zeeman magnetic fields can stabilize nontrivial flux patterns and induce metamagnetic transitions between states with different topological character. Solvable nearest-neighbor biquadratic spin-orbital perturbations can be tuned to stabilize zero-energy flat bands. We discuss in detail the examples of SO(2)- and SO(3)-symmetric spin-orbital models on the square and honeycomb lattices, and use group-theoretical arguments to generalize to SO(nu)-symmetric models with arbitrary integer nu > 1. These results extend the list of exactly solvable models with spin-orbital-liquid ground states and highlight the intriguing general features of such exotic phases. Our models are thus excellent starting points for more realistic modelling of candidate materials.