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Journal Article

Refusal of European Arrest Warrants Due to Fair Trial Infringements : Review of the CJEU’s Judgment in “LM” by National Courts in Europe


Wahl,  Thomas
Public Law, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Max Planck Society;

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Wahl, T. (2020). Refusal of European Arrest Warrants Due to Fair Trial Infringements: Review of the CJEU’s Judgment in “LM” by National Courts in Europe. Eucrim - the European Criminal Law Associations' Forum, (4), 321-330. doi:10.30709/eucrim-2020-026.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4527-F
One of the most controversially discussed and unresolved issues in extradition law, namely whether extradition can be denied because elements of a fair trial will not be ensured in the requesting (issuing) State, gained new momentum after the CJEU’s judgment in “LM” of 25 July 2018 (C-216/18 PPU). This judgment relates to the framework of the European Arrest Warrant – the surrender system established in the EU in 2002. After briefly classifying the problem doctrinally and discussing the approach taken by the ECtHR, the article explains the CJEU’s line of arguments in LM. The analysis focuses, in particular, on the necessary test phases that the executing judicial authority must carry out in order to find out possible fundamental rights breaches in the issuing EU Member State. The article then analyses the reviews of this judgment by national courts. The follow-up decision of the referring Irish court is compared with court decisions addressing, in detail, this specific problem of fair trial infringements in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Netherlands. In doing so, the practical challenges that are encountered by the national courts in applying the CJEU’s required test are also identified.