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Journal Article

Ultrafast optically induced ferromagnetic state in an elemental antiferromagnet


Dewhurst,  J. K.
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Golias, E., Kumberg, I., Gelen, I., Thakur, S., Goerdes, J., Hosseinifar, R., et al. (2021). Ultrafast optically induced ferromagnetic state in an elemental antiferromagnet. Physical Review Letters, 126(10): 107202. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.107202.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4F82-D
We present evidence for an ultrafast optically induced ferromagnetic alignment of antiferromagnetic Mn in Co/Mn multilayers. We observe the transient ferromagnetic signal at the arrival of the pump pulse at the Mn L3 resonance using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism in reflectivity. The timescale of the effect is comparable to the duration of the excitation and occurs before the magnetization in Co is quenched. Theoretical calculations point to the imbalanced population of Mn unoccupied states caused by the Co interface for the emergence of this transient ferromagnetic state.