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Anti-HIV-1 antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 interact differently with lipids to bind their epitopes

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Franquelim, H. G., Chiantia, S., Veiga, A. S., Santos, N. C., Schwille, P., & Castanho, M. A. R. B. (2011). Anti-HIV-1 antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 interact differently with lipids to bind their epitopes. AIDS, 25(4), 419-428. doi:10.1097/QAD.0b013e328342ff11.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4B58-2
Abstract
Objectives: 2F5 and 4E10 are two broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the membrane proximal external region (MPER) of HIV-1 gp41 envelope protein. This region, which contacts the viral membrane, is highly conserved and has been regarded as a promising target for vaccine development. We aimed to clarify the basis of 2F5 and 4E10 molecular interactions with epitope cores in MPER and lipid bilayers. Design: Microscopy-based approaches were used to infer and quantify the effects of both mAbs on membranes, in the presence and absence of the epitope cores. Supported lipid bilayers (SLBs), with and without phase separation, were used as membrane models. Fluorescent-labeled and nonlabeled MPER-derived peptides containing both 2F5 and 4E10 epitopes were used. Methods: mAbs 2F5 and 4E10 membrane interactions, in the presence or absence of MPER-derived peptides, were evaluated by combined atomic force and confocal microscopies. Results: Both mAbs form lipid-segregated aggregates on SLBs and do not induce other significant membrane perturbations. Furthermore, the affinity of MPER toward membranes is differently affected by both mAbs and correlates with the mAbs-epitope core lipid interactions. 2F5 is able to dock the MPER peptide on the membrane, whereas 4E10 extracts the MPER from the lipid bilayer. Conclusion: The results reveal the molecular details underneath 2F5/4E10 membrane-epitope binding and a model is proposed to explain the differential mAbs neutralization efficacies, which relates to the exposure of the epitopes in the lipid bilayers and the role of the lipids in mAb-epitope binding. (C) 2011 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins