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Journal Article

Action of photoreactive analogs of vasopressin in toad bladder


Fahrenholz,  Falk
Department of Physical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max Planck Society;

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Eggena, P., Ma, C. L., Fahrenholz, F., Buku, A., & Schwartz, I. L. (1985). Action of photoreactive analogs of vasopressin in toad bladder. Biology of the Cell, 55(3), 231-237. doi:10.1111/j.1768-322x.1985.tb00431.x.

Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-5105-7
A series of analogs of vasopressin with photoreactive groups in positions 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 or 9 of the nonapeptide sequence have been studied for their effects on water and urea permeability of the isolated toad urinary bladder. Compounds with photoreactive groups in positions 3 or 8 bound covalently to receptors as judged by a persistent increase in water and urea permeability following UV irradiation, prevention of photolabeling by incubation in the presence of vasopressin, and a persistent increase in membrane‐bound adenylate cyclase activity. Some analogs were inactive in the dark, but became active and bound covalently to receptors during photolysis. Other analogs were inhibitors or agonists in the dark, but did not bind to receptors following UV irradiation. Time course studies with photolabelled bladders showed a stable urea flux for 4 hr in the absence of osmotic water flow. However, in the presence of water flow urea flux was initially enhanced (solvent drag effect) and later retarded (diminished urea permeability). Binding of photoaffinity analogs to receptors was not diminished with acidification of the serosal bathing medium, lowering of the bath temperature from 21 degrees C to 4 degrees C or with addition of prostaglandin E1. However, the capacity of photoreactive analogs to effect an increase in transmural water flux, once the analog was bound covalently to receptors, was markedly diminished under these conditions.