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Long-Range Fluctuation-Induced Forces in Driven Electrolytes

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Mahdisoltani,  Saeed
Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Golestanian,  Ramin
Department of Living Matter Physics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Mahdisoltani, S., & Golestanian, R. (2021). Long-Range Fluctuation-Induced Forces in Driven Electrolytes. Physical Review Letters, 126: 158002. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.158002.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4C5F-A
Abstract
We study the stochastic dynamics of an electrolyte driven by a uniform external electric field and show that it exhibits generic scale invariance despite the presence of Debye screening. The resulting long-range correlations give rise to a Casimir-like fluctuation-induced force between neutral boundaries that confine the ions; this force is controlled by the external electric field, and it can be both attractive and repulsive with similar boundary conditions, unlike other long-range fluctuation-induced forces. This work highlights the importance of nonequilibrium correlations in electrolytes and shows how they can be used to tune interactions between uncharged biological or synthetic structures at large separations.