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Journal Article

Applying physics informed neural network for flow data assimilation


Wang,  Yong
Laboratory for Fluid Dynamics, Pattern Formation and Biocomplexity, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society;

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Bai, X.-d., Wang, Y., & Zhang, W. (2020). Applying physics informed neural network for flow data assimilation. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 32, 1050-1058. doi:10.1007/s42241-020-0077-2.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4D12-E
Data assimilation (DA) refers to methodologies which combine data and underlying governing equations to provide an estimation of a complex system. Physics informed neural network (PINN) provides an innovative machine learning technique for solving and discovering the physics in nature. By encoding general nonlinear partial differential equations, which govern different physical systems such as fluid flows, to the deep neural network, PINN can be used as a tool for DA. Due to its nature that neither numerical differential operation nor temporal and spatial discretization is needed, PINN is straightforward for implementation and getting more and more attention in the academia. In this paper, we apply the PINN to several flow problems and explore its potential in fluid physics. Both the mesoscopic Boltzmann equation and the macroscopic Navier-Stokes are considered as physics constraints. We first introduce a discrete Boltzmann equation informed neural network and evaluate it with a one-dimensional propagating wave and two-dimensional lid-driven cavity flow. Such laminar cavity flow is also considered as an example in an incompressible Navier-Stokes equation informed neural network. With parameterized Navier-Stokes, two turbulent flows, one within a C-shape duct and one passing a bump, are studied and accompanying pressure field is obtained. Those examples end with a flow passing through a porous media. Applications in this paper show that PINN provides a new way for intelligent flow inference and identification, ranging from mesoscopic scale to macroscopic scale, and from laminar flow to turbulent flow.