English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT

Released

Paper

Fallback Accretion Model for the Years-to-Decades X-ray Counterpart to GW170817

MPS-Authors
/persons/resource/persons231068

Kiuchi,  Kenta
Computational Relativistic Astrophysics, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

External Resource
No external resources are shared
Fulltext (public)

2104.04433.pdf
(Preprint), 322KB

Supplementary Material (public)
There is no public supplementary material available
Citation

Ishizaki, W., Ioka, K., & Kiuchi, K. (in preparation). Fallback Accretion Model for the Years-to-Decades X-ray Counterpart to GW170817.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4EFB-7
Abstract
A new component was reported in the X-ray counterpart to the binary neutron-star merger and gravitational wave event GW170817, exceeding the afterglow emission from an off-axis structured jet. The afterglow emission from the kilonova/macronova ejecta may explain the X-ray excess but exceeds the radio observations if the spectrum is the same. We propose a fallback accretion model that a part of ejecta from the neutron star merger falls back and forms a disk around the central compact object. In the super-Eddington accretion phase, the X-ray luminosity stays near the Eddington limit of a few solar masses and the radio is weak, as observed. This will be followed by a power law decay with index $-5/3$. The duration of the constant luminosity phase conveys the initial fallback timescale $t_0$ in the past. The current multi-year duration requires $t_0 > 3$--$30$ sec, suggesting that the disk wind rather than the dynamical ejecta falls back after the jet launch. Future observations in the next decades will probe the timescale of $t_0 \sim 10$--$10^4$ sec, around the time of extended emission in short gamma-ray bursts. The fallback accretion has not been halted by the {\it r}-process heating, implying that fission is weak on the year scale. We predict that the X-ray counterpart will disappear in a few decades due to the {\it r}-process halting.