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Journal Article

Axionlike Particles from Hypernovae


Kuroda,  Takami
Computational Relativistic Astrophysics, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Caputo, A., Carenza, P., Lucente, G., Vitagliano, E., Giannotti, M., Kotake, K., et al. (2021). Axionlike Particles from Hypernovae. Physical Review Letters, 127(18): 181102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.181102.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-4F02-E
It was recently pointed out that very energetic subclasses of supernovae
(SNe), like hypernovae and superluminous SNe, might host ultra-strong magnetic
fields in their core. Such fields may catalyze the production of feebly
interacting particles, changing the predicted emission rates. Here we consider
the case of axion-like particles (ALPs) and show that the predicted large scale
magnetic fields in the core contribute significantly to the ALP production, via
a coherent conversion of thermal photons. Using recent state-of-the-art SN
simulations including magnetohydrodynamics, we find that if ALPs have masses
$m_a \sim {\mathcal O}(10)\, \rm MeV$, their emissivity via magnetic
conversions is over two orders of magnitude larger than previously estimated.
Moreover, the radiative decay of these massive ALPs would lead to a peculiar
delay in the arrival times of the daughter photons. Therefore, high-statistics
gamma-ray satellites can potentially discover MeV ALPs in an unprobed region of
the parameter space and shed light on the magnetohydrodinamical nature of the
SN explosion.