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Analysis and contextualization of potential protohistoric petroglyphs at the Kalasha valley of Birir in Chitral.

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Zahir,  Muhammad
Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society;

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Zahir, M. (2020). Analysis and contextualization of potential protohistoric petroglyphs at the Kalasha valley of Birir in Chitral. Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences (Pakistan), XXVIII(2), 35-60.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-51C9-A
Abstract
Petroglyphs were discovered in the Birir valley of district Chitral, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan, on an ancient route connecting the Kalasha valleys with Nuristan, lower Chitral and Central Asia. The petroglyphs were engraved on a solitary schist stone. The rock, with associated structures, occupies a strategic location in the landscape, possibly representing a hunting outpost. The petroglyphs consist of 29 figures, including human, animal, geometric and indistinct figures. These figures seem to have been created through the use of a metal stylus/burin. The figures were produced through the percussion method, utilizing a stippling technique. The depiction of a dog, a goat and stylized human figures suggest a possible link to the subsistence and hunting strategies of the protohistoric people in the region. Based upon the limited archaeological knowledge of the region, the present petroglyph site may tentatively be dated to the 1st millennium BCE.