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Journal Article

Elliptical Bloch skyrmion chiral twins in an antiskyrmion system

MPS-Authors
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Jena,  Jagannath
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Göbel,  Börge
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Ma,  Tianping
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Saha,  Rana
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

Mertig,  Ingrid
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Parkin,  Stuart S. P.
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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s41467-020-14925-6.pdf
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Citation

Jena, J., Göbel, B., Ma, T., Kumar, V., Saha, R., Mertig, I., et al. (2020). Elliptical Bloch skyrmion chiral twins in an antiskyrmion system. Nature Communications, 11: 1115. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-14925-6.


Cite as: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-8362-5
Abstract
Skyrmions and antiskyrmions are distinct topological chiral spin textures that have been observed in various material systems depending on the symmetry of the crystal structure. Here we show, using Lorentz transmission electron microscopy, that arrays of skyrmions can be stabilized in a tetragonal inverse Heusler with D2d symmetry whose Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) otherwise supports antiskyrmions. These skyrmions can be distinguished from those previously found in several B20 systems which have only one chirality and are circular in shape. We find Bloch-type elliptical skyrmions with opposite chiralities whose major axis is oriented along two specific crystal directions: [010] and [100]. These structures are metastable over a wide temperature range and we show that they are stabilized by long-range dipole-dipole interactions. The possibility of forming two distinct chiral spin textures with opposite topological charges of ±1 in one material makes the family of D2d materials exceptional.