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Journal Article

Titanium as a substrate for three-dimensional hybrid electrodes for vanadium redox flow battery applications

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Li,  Fan
Nano-Systems from Ions, Spins and Electrons, Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Citation

Lu, X., Li, F., Steimecke, M., Tariq, M., Hartmann, M., & Bron, M. (2020). Titanium as a substrate for three-dimensional hybrid electrodes for vanadium redox flow battery applications. ChemElectroChem, 7(3), 737-744. doi:10.1002/celc.201901896.


Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-D5E6-4
Abstract
Titanium, either in the form of a Ti foil or in form of a Ti mesh, was used as a novel substrate to grow nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (NCNTs) through chemical vapor deposition at moderate temperatures over electrodeposited iron particles. The thus-prepared high-surface-area electrodes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The electrochemical performance towards the V(IV)/V(V) redox couple was investigated by cyclic voltammetry. The parameters for iron particle electrodeposition were adjusted towards high and uniform substrate coverage. Nanotube growth from acetonitrile at moderate temperatures (600 °C) led to N-containing CNTs with a high amount of graphitic nitrogen. NCNTs grown over Ti substrates provide promising performances towards the V(IV)/V(V) as well as the V(III)/V(IV) redox pair. In general, the results of this study show that Ti might be a suitable electrocatalyst substrate for various applications in electrochemical energy conversion.