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Journal Article

First principles design of Ohmic spin diodes based on quaternary Heusler compounds


Mertig,  I.
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Max Planck Society;

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Aull, T., Şaşıoğlu, E., & Mertig, I. (2021). First principles design of Ohmic spin diodes based on quaternary Heusler compounds. Applied Physics Letters, 118(5): 052405. doi:10.1063/5.0037085.

Cite as: https://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0008-6685-F
The Ohmic spin diode (OSD) is a recent concept in spintronics, which is based on half-metallic magnets and spin-gapless semiconductors (SGSs). Quaternary Heusler compounds offer a unique platform to realize the OSD for room temperature applications as these materials possess very high Curie temperatures as well as half-metallic and spin-gapless semiconducting behavior within the same family. Using state-of-the-art first-principles calculations combined with the nonequilibrium Green's function method, we design four different OSDs based on half-metallic and spin-gapless semiconducting quaternary Heusler compounds. All four OSDs exhibit linear current-voltage (I-V) characteristics with zero threshold voltage VT. We show that these OSDs possess a small leakage current, which stems from the overlap of the conduction and valence band edges of opposite spin channels around the Fermi level in the SGS electrodes. The obtained on/off current ratios vary between 30 and 105. Our results can pave the way for the experimental fabrication of the OSDs within the family of ordered quaternary Heusler compounds.